TOPIC BRIEFS

Taking precautions against the potential risk of legalizing 3D printed weaponry

Building a framework to monitor the rapidly evolving artificial intelligence and autonomous weapons 

With 3D printers, getting a gun could be as easy as downloading it. A person could find a schematic for a firearm online, plug it into a 3D printer with the right materials, a gun is created on the spot. No background check required, no serial number to trace the gun if it’s used in a crime.

The danger of self-produced guns isn't new; however, a basic hindrance is crumbling. As of not long ago, the vast majority didn't have what it takes to make a weapon as competent as economically accessible ones. In any case, late improvements in the field of added substance fabricating, otherwise called 3D printing, have made home assembling more straightforward than any time in recent memory. The possibility of increasingly stringent enactment is likewise energizing enthusiasm for at-home creation. 

Plans for essential handguns that can be made on buyer grade 3D printers are promptly accessible on the web. With further developed 3D printers and other at-home innovations, for example, the Ghost Gunner PC controlled plant, individuals can even make increasingly complex weapons, including metal handguns and segments for quick-firing rifles. 

These advances present difficulties for firearm guidelines as well as for endeavors to shield humankind from all the more dominant weapons. In the expressions of Bruce Goodwin, partner chief everywhere for national security arrangement and research at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, "without anyone else, added substance fabricating makes a huge difference, including barrier matters."

Fully autonomous weapons, also known as "killer robots," would be able to select and engage targets without humanintervention. Precursors to these weapons, such as armed drones, are being developed and deployed by nations including China, Israel, South Korea, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. It is questionable that fully autonomous weapons would becapable of meeting international humanitarian law standards, including the rules of distinction, proportionality, and military necessity, while they would threaten the fundamental right to life and principle of human dignity. Many arguments have been made for and against autonomous weapons, for example that replacing human soldiers by machines is good by reducing casualties for the owner but bad by thereby lowering the threshold for going to battle. The key question for humanity today is whether to start a global AI arms race or to prevent it from starting. If any major military power pushes ahead with AI weapon development, a global arms race is virtually inevitable, and the endpoint of this technological trajectory is obvious: autonomous weapons will become the Kalashnikovs of tomorrow. Unlike nuclear weapons, they require no costly or hard-to-obtain raw materials, so they will become ubiquitous and cheap for all significant military powers to mass-produce. It will only be a matter of time until they appear on the black market and in the hands of terrorists, dictators wishing to better control their populace, warlords wishing to perpetrate ethnic cleansing, etc. Autonomous weapons are ideal for tasks such as assassinations, destabilizing nations, subduing populations and selectively killing a particular ethnic group. We therefore believe that a military AI arms race would not be beneficial for humanity. There are many ways in which AI can make battlefields safer for humans, especially civilians, without creating new tools for killing people. 

Measures to suppress international cyber espionage

With the use of cyberspace as a new public platform a new relationship between mankind has emerged some which includes illegal acts such as cyberespionage. 

Cyber espionage is a form of a computerized attack and invasion used to obtain important classified information without any permission. Cyber espionage is normally done on governments and/or competitive companies in order to achieve an upper hand over them. This type of attack has been increasing lately with the rapid development of technology, putting many countries and civilians in danger and invading privacy. 

Cyber espionage has triggered a cyberwarfare, a virtual dispute based off of political motive, where countries disable others’ is computers and information systems allowing classifies data to be stolen and altered. The continuous tricks used within the method of cyber espionage is causing governments to place cyber security and cyber defense as a priority in order to protect information of their own and the people living within their region.