TOPIC BRIEFS

Examining the impact of the US and China trade war on the global economy.

 Globalization among nations and cultures has rapidly increased throughout the past decade and many developing nations have found ways to promote globalization in order to achieve international recognition. Although globalization is a great step for countries to develop in various factors we can see that globalization has affected the foreign policies of several countries, as part of globalization there is trade, and usually countries build relationships by free trade (no barriers) so that they could get goods and services without any additional cost including taxes (tariffs) however some countries have used trade as a way to maintain their economic status, this can be seen in the escalating trade war between the US and China who are fighting over control of the global economy and therefore imposed tariffs on each other which makes this topic controversial.

 

In early July, US President Donald Trump has have had followed through on months of threats to impose tariffs on China for its “unfair trade practices” so the US responded by adding tariffs on US$250 billion worth of Chinese products, and has also threatened to increase tariffs by another US$267 billion. China has also set tariffs on US$110 billion worth of US goods. As both presidents Trump and Xi Jinping are not willing to withdraw from this “war”, the US-China trade war could be considered as the biggest trade war in our history. 

An example of this would be how women in developing countries tend to have limited access to economic assets such as land and loans. This therefore limits their participation in shaping economic and social policies. Also, since women are expected to perform the bulk of household work, they often have little time left to pursue economic opportunities.

 

So, one way to increase the economic independence of women is to stimulate local entrepreneurship, by increasing the level of education. Since female education is a key source of support for long-term economic growth. It has been linked to higher productivity and higher returns on investment. Also, through local entrepreneurship women are able to create and lead their own company or run a company in order to make their own money and become more independent.

 

One of the past UN solutions was the introduction of The United Nations Commission on the Status of Women, which was created in the year 1946. The aim was to “promote women's rights in political, economic, civil, social and educational sectors, as well as review and appraise progress made at the national, sub-regional, regional

and global levels” (CCWA, n.d.). 

 

Therefore, investing in women's economic empowerment sets a direct path towards gender equality, poverty eradication, and inclusive economic growth. Women make enormous contributions to economies, whether in businesses, on farms, as entrepreneurs or employees, or by doing unpaid care work at home.

 

Addressing the issue of lack of water and its consequence on human health in nigeria

Water is an essential resource for life and good health. Lack of water to meet daily needs is a reality today for one in three people around the world. Especially in Nigeria, which is the most densely populated country in Africa. Poor access to improved water and sanitation in Nigeria remains a major contributing factor to high morbidity and mortality rates among children under five, leading to children using contaminated water sources and poor sanitary conditions increasing the vulnerability to water-borne diseases, including diarrhea as approximately only 26.5% of the population uses improved drinking water sources and sanitation facilities which has caused an annual death rate of 70,000 children. Although Nigeria has 215 cubic kilometers a year of available surface water, which is a lot higher than in many African countries, the country suffers from “economic water scarcity” the inability to properly manage, use and protect water resources for socio-economic development and environmental sustainability.

 

Although, there have been successful efforts to provide water supply to majority of the population,  fewer than three in ten people still have a decent toilet, the country has a big task ahead of it to install the right sanitation systems, having also highly impacting the  large-scale country’s economy, the country will be required to triple its budget or at least allocate 1.7 percent of the current Gross Domestic Product to WASH (Water Sanitation and Hygiene). Overall, water scarcity in Nigeria is estimated to cost Nigeria about USD$1.3 billion in access time, loss due to premature death, productive time lost and health care costs.

One of the most important processes of a natural disaster event is the rehabilitation process, this includes the plans made to recover from the event, however it’s costly and need good planning to be implemented, these schemes include reconstructing civil services such as hospitals and schools, and providing shelter for the displaced civilians and providing them with good health care, however these schemes tend to be difficult to be achieved by the local government due to less satisfactory development, so the interference of other countries is needed, which means the current reconstruction schemes for these natural events aren’t developed in terms of regaining economic growth and ensuring civilians safety.

 

Sustainable development is key in these natural events as any country with effective planning for the future will be able to deal with any natural disasters in the future. Japan is one of the most countries that are vulnerable for these natural disasters, however, it has been able to recover in each time due to sustainable development, furthermore, Japan was able to depend on itself when these disasters took place as sustainable development was vital for Japan as they had good schemes for recovery, however this wasn’t the case for several countries who are prone to these disasters, for example, Haiti, Pakistan, and China as they had the highest death toll, with a weak rehabilitation process.

 

Measures to lessen the risk of a natural hazard is crucial, since if a community that was struck by a natural disaster they will be prepared for recovering the area so promoting sustainable development and creating post-disaster reconstruction schemes are fundamental for the living communities and the government.

Measures to improve women's empowerment in the MENA region as a result of the women unemployment crisis

The women labor force participation rate within the Middle East and North Africa is the lowest in the world and it has been this way for the last four decades. Not only does this unemployment of women lower the self-confidence of these women, decreasing women empowerment. However, evidence has shown that equal access to jobs boosts GDP, contributes to long-term growth and targets income inequality.  

 

As it stands now, MENA countries won’t reach the current global average for at least 150 years when it comes to women’s labor force participation. As the region confronts a youth bulge (almost 65% of MENA’s population is under the age of thirty), armed conflict, extremism, political turnover, and declining oil prices, MENA governments should look to women’s economic advancement as one promising solution to bolstering and diversifying their economies and addressing internal pressures.