TOPIC BRIEFS

Taking measures to supress the mass social panic caused by infectious pandemics

Combating violence targeted towards journalists in the middle east

Panic in societies is ignited by the eruption of pandemics. On average, about 500 million people yearly die as result of a pandemic. A pandemic is a basic epidemic; a disease that is uncontrollably spreading across a large region. Pandemics have the power to alter our world and greatly impact societies. Known diseases that have impacted millions of people including; AIDS, Cholera, Meningitis, Influenza, and COVID-19 have been categorized as Pandemics. Pandemics do not have a specific cause. However, they all share similar effects increasing terror and fear amongst different populations worldwide. These global epidemics have the ability to lead to an increase of infections accelerating mortality rates, as well as economic crash. The power Pandemics have on developing and developed nations in addition to the health risk that they carry, sparks great social and moral panic within different communities around the world. People are not terrified by the impact it could cause on them rather on the change it could have on the society around them. The fear and anxiety triggered, alters the lifestyles of people increasing distrust present between individuals and governments around the world. The acceleration in tensions may lead to greater issues including civil wars, revolutions, indirect racism as well as the increase in crime rates in different regions around the world. Pandemics carry great influence on our world yet, the social chaos they are able to develop is significantly disregarded. Therefore, it is time to question, is there a specific method that should be followed to decrease hostiles caused as a result of global epidemics? Is there a certain protocol governments should follow to contain an infectious pandemic? And most importantly, can people limit the influence pandemics have on their lifestyles? 

Journalist are the people risking their lives to report authentic news. Yet, they remain being victims of violence specifically targeted towards them. All around the world, across different regions, journalist have continuously been attacked, harassed, kidnapped, imprisoned and even killed. On global scale, at least 81 journalists were killed and many more were imprisoned in year 2018. The crisis has continued to accelerate and rapidly advance in following years, especially in the middle east. The middle east is a region that is composed of countries located in the western part of Asia in addition to Egypt. In this region, journalist have been aggressively attacked and targeted limiting the freedom of press they have access to. Through the past decade, many correspondents have been kidnapped in Iraq and Syria, detained in turkey, and a target of assassination in Saudi. However, the prime incident that has struck light on the lack of human rights journalists are acquired to, was the murder of Jamal Khashoggi, a Saudi government critic who was man slaughtered in the consulate in Istanbul. This incident remains one of the many attack’s journalist have been exposed to across the region. In total, 9 countries located in the middle east including, Egypt, Iraq, Libya, Iran, Bahrain, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Syria are ranked at the bottom of the worldwide media freedom index, indicating the lack of freedom they have. Journalist have been attacked for shedding light on flaws and faults present in different countries and government around the world. Their goal to draw attention to crisis revolving around injustice and unfairness is obstructed creating a lack of transparency between communities and governments. Therefore, it is time to shed light on the violence journalist are faced with and create sustainable plans that will ensure the safety of journalists and reports around the world.

Measures to supress the drug overdose crisis located in Scotland

Mortality rates in the UK have been rapidly accelerating as a result of the overuse of opioids. Scotland is a country that covers the northern third of Great Britain. The nation of Scotland may appear as secure however, it is facing an internal catastrophe that is greatly threatening its stability. The hidden drug crisis existing across the nation cost the lives of approximately 1,187 individuals in 2018 as a consequence of the mass consumption of opioids including, heroin, fentanyl, in addition to pain relivers available legally by prescription. And, unfortunately, the number has been predicted to worsen for the following years. Although there are many deaths related to the misuse of drugs in the UK, Scotland’s drug issue remains four times larger than that of England and wales together. The question related to the abuse of drugs roots to the presence of poverty in addition to the existence of trauma and mental illnesses. Combined, these circumstances lead to the exploitation of toxic substances contributing to many deaths. The reasons behind the opioid crisis in Scotland are diverse, however, they all relate to changes in policies made in the 1980’s where deindustrialization in cities caused major change amongst both, economic and social aspects of the country, stocking up lethal substances within the nation’s borders. The disaster in Scotland has been vastly speeding up mortality rates in Scotland since 2017, though, it is yet neglected in comparison to other concerns occurring in different regions during our time. Therefore, it is time to question whether or not this crisis can be stopped. Are there methods that can be used decline mortality rates caused as a result of drug abuse? Is there a way drug supply can be reduced? And most importantly, can Scotland recover from this crisis?