TOPIC BRIEFS

The question of non-proliferation and the democratic people's Republic The Question of Addressing the Issue of Gun Violence in North and South Americaof Korea

laws and take all necessary measures to end gun violence. 

The Question of Taking Measures to Eliminate Racial Oppression Towards Uyghur Muslims in China

Gun violence is a widespread issue that impacts countries all over the world but remains to be most prevalent in the United States, Brazil, Mexico, and Columbia where it causes thousands of deaths every year. In recent years, the number of deaths has increased at a rapid rate and more attention has been brought to the issue. On the 14thof February 2018, seventeen students were killed in a school shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglass High school in Parkland, Florida. This event put gun associations in the spotlight and more protests against gun violence began. One of the more known demonstrations was “March for Our Lives” which was a student-led protest on the 24thof March 2018. This protest was triggered by the events at Parkland and held in Washington D.C in attempt to provoke gun reform and end mass shootings in the US. These children took initiative and brought attention to the violation of a basic human right - the right to live. However, firearm violence isn’t only an issue that affects North America. Although Latin America only hosts 8% of the world’s population, 33% of all the world’s homicides occur in the continent. Latin American countries take up 17 spots on the world’s Top 20 list for the highest number of murders which shows the extent of the issue in the region. Certain parts of Latin America have become hotspots for gangs and criminals which allows gun violence to flourish. The lack of government control, as well as the excessive corruption, has allowed the country to become susceptible to the atrocities brought along by firearms and guns. The violent crime happening in both Americas has translated into a widespread sense of fear amongst their civilians who are finally realizing the weight of the issue. Now, the United Nations and its members should focus on solving the issue through gun reform laws and take all necessary measures to end gun violence. 

After the atrocious events of 9/11, the world's opinion on Arabs and Muslims changed greatly. They've become one of the most maligned and vilified races in the world. Islamophobia has become an issue in most Western countries, where Muslims are being the main target of hate-crimes and racially-charged attacks. The issue gets worse for a specific sect of Muslims living in Central and East Asia, the Uyghur's. Although the population of Uyghur's are spread amongst multiple countries, they primarily live in the People's Republic of China. In the region where they live, the Uyghur's live with extensive control and restriction upon their social, cultural and most prominently, religious life. The Chinese government has warned it's people to look out for signs of 'religious extremism' which includes owning books about Uyghur's, quitting smoking or drinking, growing a beard, or even owning a prayer rug. To worsen the matter, the Chinese government has even installed cameras in the houses of their citizens to keep watch. At least 120,000 (and estimated over 1 million) Uyghur's have been detained in detention camps, that are being dubbed 'reeducation camps'. In these camps, officials work on changing the political and religious thinking of the detainees. Other than that, mosques are being destroyed, the Uyghur language is being banned at schools, and even DNA is being used to track Muslims in China. The government claims that these acts are a bid to counter-terrorism and fight terrorism, but activists say that they evidently aren't. Academic journals call these so-called reeducation camps "concentration camps", and also say that this is an act of cultural and religious genocide. This human rights abuse is one of the most neglected humanitarian crises of our current day and age. With all the above considered, measures must be taken to end the racial oppression against Uyghur Muslims in the People's Republic of China.

The Questions of Protecting Women’s Rights to Abortion and the Use of Contraception

Since the Cold War, many countries have used a certain strategy to justify their intervention in transnational conflict by saying that it works to ensure international peace and security and defends freedom. Many countries have used this type of strategy to intervene in regional crises acting in the name of the international community. It has been repeatedly demonstrated as military forces have made their way into foreign countries In the fight for “peace”. Although, the truth of the matter is that in many cases, as we’ve seen over the course of history, the fight for peace ends up being a fight against peace. Countries use their intervention in the conflict to their advantage for reasons like oil, petrol and other valuable resources. The leaders of the countries win public support by persuading people that these interventions act in the name of peace, justice, democracy and civilization. Currently, conflicts in Syria, Iraq and Ukraine are bringing light to outside transnational military intervention and as more conflicts emerge, we can expect more detrimental military intervention to occur. Which is why the need for a solution to these issues is essential!

Measures to ensure responsible military intervention in transnational conflicts

            All over the world, women’s rights are being disregarded and neglected by men and women alike. Basic rights such as equality in workplaces are developing slowly but still could use some work. One of the most significant women rights abuses is the lack of representation in terms of contraception (birth control) and abortion. During debates, women are being regarded as simple containers for fetuses and not as humans themselves. Decisions are being taken on behalf of women and their voices aren't being taken into consideration when legislation for abortion and contraception. Abortion is an important factor in the debate of women's rights because abortion has a big impact on women's health. In the US Supreme Court case of Roe vs. Wade, Sarah Weddington said that "a pregnancy to a woman is perhaps one of the most determinative aspects of her life. It disrupts her body. It disrupts her education. It disrupts her employment. And it often disrupts her entire family life." There are many reasons as to why a woman should have the right to decide what happens to her body, and by preventing women from their rights, they are being placed in danger. Their mental, physical, social, and emotional health is severely impacted by this issue. There must be a framework placed to protect these rights so that women can gain their justice.