TOPIC BRIEFS

The threat of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on Egypt.

US pressures on Arab countries regarding the Deal of the Century

The Nile river is Egypt’s most valued asset; the Egyptian population depend on it for its water supply. Ethiopia has taken on the construction of a dam, located upstream of the river, which threatens both the Egyptian and Soudanese water supply, and can store the water capacity equivalent to both nation’s share of the water. Despite Ethiopian claims that the dam is being built for electricity generation purposes, and the water won’t be held for irrigation or consumption, the Egyptians still fear that the dam will deprive the country of its water resources. The potential for additional dispute between the countries comes from the powerless position of Egypt in stopping the construction of the Dam, except through diplomatic means, that don’t ensure a satisfying compromise. The Security Council needs to come to an arrangement between Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia, where each can continue in their projects without disrupting the other’s share of the resources of the Nile, to circumvent the inevitable war, if the issue remains unresolved.

“The Deal of the century” is a plan devised by the US president, Donald Trump, which allegedly resolves the Palestinian- Israeli conflict. Within the lengthy document, the two state solution is presented in details, tackling the matters of; refugees, security, settlements, Jerusalem, borders, and more. US power is being leveraged to coerce and co-opt Arab leaders and nations into supporting the plan. Pressures are being applied through financial incentives, and promising US support, in return for support. Turkey, Jordan, Palestine and Lebanon, are a few examples of Arab nations being pressured with incentives of billions of dollars. On the other hand, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Egypt are nations that have agreed to the deal, as a result of backing from the world’s superpower. The Security Council must find solutions to avoid the dispute amongst Arab nations, and prevent the forced support of nations to the deal, along with foreign intervention sparking further conflict.